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Price of Ethambutol
Ethambutol hcl 400 mg tablet
* price without discount in nearest pharmacy. Price may vary.
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Ethambutol volume of distribution
What is Ethambutol
An antitubercular agent that inhibits the transfer of mycolic acids into the cell wall of the tubercle bacillus. It may also inhibit the synthesis of spermidine in mycobacteria. The action is usually bactericidal, and the drug can penetrate human cell membranes to exert its lethal effect. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, p863)
Ethambutol mechanism of action
Ethambutol inhibits arabinosyl transferases which is involved in cell wall biosynthesis. By inhibiting this enzyme, the bacterial cell wall complex production is inhibited. This leads to an increase in cell wall permeability.
Dosage forms of Ethambutol
|Tablet, film coated||oral||100 mg/1|
Physicians Total Care, Inc.
Humans and other mammals
Indication of Ethambutol
For use, as an adjunct, in the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis.
Toxicity of Ethambutol
The most commonly recognized toxic effect of ethambutol is optic neuropathy, which generally is considered uncommon and reversible in medical literature. Other side effects that have been observed are pruritus, joint pain, gastrointestinal upset, abdominal pain, malaise, headache, dizziness, mental confusion, disorientation, and possible hallucinations.
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