Save up -80% on Insulin Glulisine

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RX BIN: 015558
RX PCN: HT
Group ID: DDN6600
Card Holder ID: DDN6600

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2018 Price of Insulin Glulisine

Apidra 100 unit/ml

$2.67

cartridge

* price without discount in nearest pharmacy. Price may vary.

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Insulin Glulisine volume of distribution

13 L

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What is Insulin Glulisine

Insulin glulisine is a biosynthetic, rapid-acting human insulin analogue produced in a non-pathogenic laboratory strain of _Escherichia coli_ (K12). This recombinant hormone differs from native human insulin in that the amino acid arginine at position B3 is replaced by lysine and the lysine at position B29 is replaced by glutamic acid. These structural modifications decrease hexamer formation, stabilize insulin glulisine monomers and increase the rate of absorption and onset of action compared to human insulin.

Insulin Glulisine mechanism of action

Insulin glulisine binds to the insulin receptor (IR), a heterotetrameric protein consisting of two extracellular alpha units and two transmembrane beta units. The binding of insulin to the alpha subunit of IR stimulates the tyrosine kinase activity intrinsic to the beta subunit of the receptor. The bound receptor autophosphorylates and phosphorylates numerous intracellular substrates such as insulin receptor substrates (IRS) proteins, Cbl, APS, Shc and Gab 1. Activation of these proteins leads to the activation of downstream signaling molecules including PI3 kinase and Akt. Akt regulates the activity of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) and protein kinase C (PKC), both of which play critical roles in metabolism and catabolism. In humans, insulin is stored in the form of hexamers; however, only insulin monomers are able to interact with IR. Substitution of the arginine at position B3 for lysine and replacement of the B29 lysine with glutamic acid decreases the propensity to form hexamers, stabilizes the hormone in monomeric form and results in a rapid rate of absorption and short duration of action.

Dosage forms of Insulin Glulisine

FormRouteStrength
Injection, solutionsubcutaneous100[iU]/mL
Solution for injectionSubcutaneous or intravenous use100 Units/ml
Solution for injectionSubcutaneous or intravenous use100 Units/ml
Prescription Generics

false

International Brands

Apidra

Synonyms

Insulin Glulisine (recombinant DNA origin) Insulin glulisine recombinant

Manufacturers

Sanofi Aventis U.S. Llc

CAS number

207748-29-6

UNII

7XIY785AZD

State

liquid

Affected organisms

Humans and other mammals

Indication of Insulin Glulisine

For the treatment of Type 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus. Should be used in regimens including a long-acting or basal insulin analogue unless it is used in a continuous infusion pump. May be used with oral antidiabetic agents.

Toxicity of Insulin Glulisine

Inappropriately high dosages relative to food intake and/or energy expenditure may result in severe and sometimes prolonged and life-threatening hypoglycemia. Neurogenic (autonomic) signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia include trembling, palpitations, sweating, anxiety, hunger, nausea and tingling. Neuroglycopenic signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia include difficulty concentrating, lethargy/weakness, confusion, drowsiness, vision changes, difficulty speaking, headache, and dizziness. Mild hypoglycemia is characterized by the presence of autonomic symptoms. Moderate hypoglycemia is characterized by the presence of autonomic and neuroglycopenic symptoms. Individuals may become unconscious in severe cases of hypoglycemia.

RX24 Drugs Disclaimer: before buying a Insulin Glulisine on prescription, consult your healthcare provider. Content on this page is provided for informational purposes only. Any use of this information is at your own risk.

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