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Price of Phenoxymethylpenicillin
Penicillin V Potassium 250 mg/5ml Solution 100ml Bottle
* price without discount in nearest pharmacy. Price may vary.
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Phenoxymethylpenicillin volume of distribution
What is Phenoxymethylpenicillin
Phenoxymethylpenicillin (Penicillin V) is narrow spectrum antibiotic used to treat mild to moderate infections caused by susceptible bacteria. It is a natural penicillin antibiotic that is administered orally. Penicillin V may also be used in some cases as prophylaxis against susceptible organisms.
Natural penicillins are considered the drugs of choice for several infections caused by susceptible gram positive aerobic organisms, such as iStreptococcus pneumoniae /i, groups A, B, C and G streptococci, nonenterococcal group D streptococci, viridans group streptococci, and non-penicillinase producing staphylococcus. Aminoglycosides may be added for synergy against group B streptococcus ( iS. agalactiae /i), iS. viridans /i, and iEnterococcus faecalis /i. The natural penicillins may also be used as first or second line agents against susceptible gram positive aerobic bacilli such as iBacillus anthracis /i, iCorynebacterium diphtheriae /i, and iErysipelothrix rhusiopathiae /i. Natural penicillins have limited activity against gram negative organisms; however, they may be used in some cases to treat infections caused by iNeisseria meningitidis /i and iPasteurella /i. They are not generally used to treat anaerobic infections. Resistance patterns, susceptibility and treatment guidelines vary across regions.
Phenoxymethylpenicillin mechanism of action
By binding to specific penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) located inside the bacterial cell wall, Penicillin V inhibits the third and last stage of bacterial cell wall synthesis. Cell lysis is then mediated by bacterial cell wall autolytic enzymes such as autolysins; it is possible that Penicillin V interferes with an autolysin inhibitor.
Dosage forms of Phenoxymethylpenicillin
|Powder for solution||oral||200000 unit|
|Powder for solution||oral||480000 unit|
Apo Pen Vk
(2S,5R,6R)-3,3-DIMETHYL-7-oxo-6-(2-phenoxyacetamido)-4-thia-1- azabicyclo(3.2.0)heptane-2-carboxylic acid
Indication of Phenoxymethylpenicillin
For the treatment of mild to moderately severe infections (e.g. dental infection, infections in the heart, middle ear infections, rheumatic fever, scarlet fever, skin infections, upper and lower respiratory tract infections) due to microorganisms
Toxicity of Phenoxymethylpenicillin
LD sub50 /sub 1040 mg/kg (Orally in rats with Sodium salt); Nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, diarrhea, and, in rare cases, major motor seizures
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