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RX BIN: 015558
RX PCN: HT
Group ID: DDN6600
Card Holder ID: DDN6600

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2018 Price of Tolbutamide

Tolbutamide 500 mg tablet

$0.4

tablet

* price without discount in nearest pharmacy. Price may vary.

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Tolbutamide volume of distribution

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What is Tolbutamide

Tolbutamide is an oral antihyperglycemic agent used for the treatment of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). It is structurally similar to acetohexamide, chlorpropamide and tolazamide and belongs to the sulfonylurea class of insulin secretagogues, which act by stimulating . cells of the pancreas to release insulin. Sulfonylureas increase both basal insulin secretion and meal-stimulated insulin release. Medications in this class differ in their dose, rate of absorption, duration of action, route of elimination and binding site on their target pancreatic . cell receptor. Sulfonylureas also increase peripheral glucose utilization, decrease hepatic gluconeogenesis and may increase the number and sensitivity of insulin receptors. Sulfonylureas are associated with weight gain, though less so than insulin. Due to their mechanism of action, sulfonylureas may cause hypoglycemia and require consistent food intake to decrease this risk. The risk of hypoglycemia is increased in elderly, debilitated and malnourished individuals. Tolbutamide appears to be metabolized in the liver. Tolbutamide and its metabolites are excreted in urine (75-85%) and feces.

Tolbutamide mechanism of action

Sulfonylureas lower blood glucose in patients with NIDDM by directly stimulating the acute release of insulin from functioning beta cells of pancreatic islet tissue by an unknown process that involves a sulfonylurea receptor (receptor 1) on the beta cell. Sulfonylureas inhibit the ATP-potassium channels on the beta cell membrane and potassium efflux, which results in depolarization and calcium influx, calcium-calmodulin binding, kinase activation, and release of insulin-containing granules by exocytosis, an effect similar to that of glucose.

Dosage forms of Tolbutamide

FormRouteStrength
Tabletoral1 g
Tabletoral500 mg/1
Tabletoral500 mg
Prescription Generics

false

International Brands

Mobenol Tablets 500mg

Synonyms

1-Butyl-3-(P-methylphenylsulfonyl)urea 1-Butyl-3-(P-tolylsulfonyl)urea

Manufacturers

Carter Horner Corp.

CAS number

64-77-7

UNII

982XCM1FOI

State

solid

Affected organisms

Humans and other mammals

Indication of Tolbutamide

For treatment of NIDDM (non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus) in conjunction with diet and exercise.

Toxicity of Tolbutamide

Oral, mouse: LD sub50 /sub = 2600 mg/kg

RX24 Drugs Disclaimer: before buying a Tolbutamide on prescription, consult your healthcare provider. Content on this page is provided for informational purposes only. Any use of this information is at your own risk.

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