Anticoagulants are a group of drugs that suppress the activity of the blood coagulation system and prevent thrombus formation due to reduced fibrin formation. They affect the biosynthesis of certain substances in the body, changing the viscosity of the blood and inhibiting the processes of coagulation.
Anticoagulants are used for therapeutic and preventive purposes. They are produced in various dosage forms: in the form of tablets, injectable solutions or ointments. Only a specialist can correctly choose the medicine and its dosage. Inadequate therapy can harm the body and cause severe consequences.
PE and vein thrombosis is the most common causes of death and disability. In this regard, cardiologists recommend starting to use anticoagulants immediately after diagnosing heart and vascular diseases. Early use of them can prevent the formation of a blood clot; it’s increase and clogging of blood vessels.
Most anticoagulants affect not the blood clot itself, but the activity of the blood coagulation system. As a result of some transformations, plasma clotting factors and thrombin production, an enzyme necessary for the formation of fibrin strands, of which a thrombotic clot is formed, are suppressed. The process of thrombogenesis slows down.