Antidotes are specific substances (agents) that can bind and neutralize poisonous compounds that enter the body during poisoning. The definition of “antidote” from Greek is translated as “given against”. In other words, an antidote is an antidote to a poisonous substance.
The mechanism of action of the antidotes is a direct physical or chemical contact with the toxin, which results in the relaxation or complete neutralization of both the poison itself and the consequences to which it can lead.
Neutralization of any poison is achieved by using an antidote – a drug, a mixture or an individual substance that attenuates the toxin. Antidotes include agents that neutralize poisonous compounds as a result of physical as well as chemical effects on them, antagonists of various origins, drugs that eliminate toxins by affecting the enzymes and receptors of the body.
The choice of an antidote depends on the type of toxic substance and the nature of its effect on the human body, and its effectiveness – on how correctly and in time the antidote was administered to the victim. As a rule, each poison agent has its antidote, which should be taken in case of poisoning.