Hypotensive drugs (antihypertensive drugs) include a wide range of drugs designed to reduce blood pressure. Approximately from the middle of the last century, they began to be produced in large volumes and used in large numbers in patients with hypertension. Until then, doctors recommended only a diet, lifestyle changes, and sedatives.
Arterial hypertension (AH) is the most frequently diagnosed disease of the cardiovascular system. According to statistics, approximately every second inhabitant of the elderly has signs of increased blood pressure, which requires timely and correct correction.
Many drugs have hypotensive properties, but not all of them can be used to treat patients with hypertension due to the need for long-term administration and the possibility of side effects. To date, there are five main groups of antihypertensive drugs: angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE inhibitors), angiotensin II receptor blockers, diuretics, calcium antagonists, beta-blockers.
For the drug treatment to be more efficient, and the dosage of medicines is minimal, the patient with arterial hypertension will advise the first thing to change the way of life. Recommendations include smoking cessation, weight normalization, a diet with restriction of consumption of table salt, liquid, alcohol. Having adequate physical activity and combat hypodynamia is essential. Non-medicamentous measures to reduce pressure can reduce the need for medicines and increase their effectiveness.