Antipsychotics (neuroleptics) are psychotropic drugs designed to treat a variety of neurological, mental and psychological disorders. Also in small quantities, drugs of this class are prescribed for neuroses.
Neuroleptics have a multifaceted effect on the body. Their basic pharmacological features include a kind of calming effect, accompanied by a decrease in reactions to external stimuli, a weakening of psychomotor arousal and affective tension, suppression of a sense of fear, a weakening of aggressiveness. They can suppress delirium, hallucinations, automatism and other psychopathological syndromes and have a therapeutic effect in patients with schizophrenia and other mental illnesses.
The neuroleptics do not have a pronounced hypnotic effect in usual doses, but they can cause a drowsy state, promote sleep onset and increase the influence of sleeping pills and other soothing (sedative) remedies. They potentiate the effects of drugs, analgesics, local anesthetics and weaken the effects of psychostimulating drugs.
Antipsychotics are potent drugs for the treatment of neuralgic, psychological disorders and psychosis (schizophrenia, delirium, hallucinations).