Blood clots are different in size blood formations that form inside the body. The process of clot formation is called coagulation, and it prevents excessive bleeding in trauma or cuts. At the same time, clots or thrombi can block blood flow to important parts of the body, causing serious damage and even death. Clots can form in the legs, stomach (stomach), heart, lungs, brain and kidneys.
There are two types of clots. The former remains in the same place (potentially causing thrombosis), while the latter remain detached from the site of formation and are sent to various parts of the body (potentially causing embolism). Depending on what type of clot formed and where it went, the danger can be fatal.
Symptoms vary depending on the specific location of the clot. If it is a hand or leg, you can feel pain (reminiscent of intense convulsions), swelling and hypersensitivity. The skin in the place of formation of the clot can turn red, and its temperature – rise. If the clot is located in the area of the stomach, you can feel severe pain in the abdomen, accompanied by vomiting and diarrhea.
With thrombosis, the blood in the veins and vessels thickens, its permeability is significantly reduced, it is worth choosing drugs for resorption of blood clots in the vessels. Also, the probability of formation of blood clots increases. Treatment depends on the specific location of the problematic clot. The most common type of treatment is taking oral medications to dilute the blood. Some drugs are injected through a catheter (a long thin tube) inserted into the problem area. Some thrombi are surgically removed.