Bronchitis – a disease of the respiratory system, in which the inflammatory process involves the bronchial mucosa, is one of the top ten most common causes of seeking medical help.
Acute bronchitis is an acute diffuse inflammation of the mucous membrane of the tracheobronchial tree, characterized by an increase in the volume of bronchial secretion with a cough and sputum separation. Chronic bronchitis is a diffuse progressive lesion of the bronchial tree with a reorganization of the secretory apparatus of the mucous membrane with the development of the inflammatory process, accompanied by hypersecretion of sputum, a violation of the purifying and protective function of the bronchi.
Treatment of bronchitis is a long and complex process, which must be conducted under the guidance of a doctor to avoid possible complications, joining the infection. It consists of four main stages, the first of which is to reduce the impact of stressful environmental factors on the respiratory system. So, the patient should avoid premises where the air is dusty, or contains substances that irritate the mucosa and cause excessive production of phlegm. Also, it is necessary to give up smoking, since this habit increases the risk of developing bronchitis on a par with the harmful conditions of production, and slows down the recovery.
After the action of harmful environmental factors has been minimized, it is necessary to relieve spasm of the bronchi and restore normal breathing and sputum evacuation. For this, bronchitis preparations with bronchodilating action are used that regulate the tone of the muscles of the bronchi by affecting specific receptors.