Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory disease of the whole gastrointestinal tract or a separate part of it. In the inflammatory process, the inner mucosa, the submucosa, and possibly the defeat of the muscular layer are involved. In the dynamics of Crohn’s disease, there are periods of exacerbations and incomplete remissions.
Disease by the nature of the development of the symptom complex is divided into acute, subacute and chronic forms. The acute form of Crohn’s disease begins sharply, with an increase in body temperature, severe pain in the right lower part of the peritoneum, diarrhea, which sometimes leads to erroneous diagnoses, for example, acute appendicitis, ovarian apoplexy. The subacute form of the disease is accompanied by periodic diarrhea, cramping pains in the abdomen with various localization, signs of exhaustion of the body.
Medicament treatment of Crohn’s disease is aimed at stopping inflammation in the intestinal tissues. The main tasks are to achieve healing of the intestinal mucosa and the onset of remission and then to maintain remission. Drugs that are aimed at achieving these two goals may contain one active substance. However, the duration of administration and dosage may differ.