Diabetes mellitus is a complex chronic disease characterized by an increase in blood sugar, which affects many areas of human life. Diabetes develops if the pancreas produces an insufficient amount of insulin, which leads to various changes in the body, including increased blood sugar levels.
Type 1 diabetes mellitus is associated with a genetic predisposition to diabetes and external adverse factors (e.g., infection), which lead to a change in the state of the body’s immune system. As a result of the disease, an absolute deficiency of its insulin develops. Typically, type 1 diabetes mellitus is sick before the age of 30. With this type of disease, insulin preparations are prescribed for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Dosage and administration are strictly regulated.
Type 2 diabetes is much more common, currently accounting for about 95% of all diabetes. We can say that in connection with the wrong way of life (excessive diet and low physical activity), there is an epidemic of type 2 diabetes. This disease is characteristic of a more mature age: it is diagnosed, as a rule, in people older than 40 years.
The most popular type 2 diabetes is metformin. The drug improves cellular sensitivity to the actions of insulin; blood sugar is reduced. Moreover, taking pills, you can get rid of a few pounds. Another quality that speaks about the benefits of metformin is that it can suppress the ghrelin hormone, that is, it helps to keep from overeating.
After taking the drug, blood tests improve, the risk of heart and vascular disease decreases. Metformin reduces the risk of cancer. One of the complications of diabetes is the association of free glucose with proteins, which significantly disrupts the work of organs. Metformin, regardless of its main purpose, can block these connections. Also, the fragility of capillaries, their permeability decreases.