Diuretics – drugs to facilitate the withdrawal of fluid from the body, as well as to increase the amount of excretion of urine. It is important to remember that, as with any other medication, the use of diuretics must necessarily be controlled by a specialist. Diuretics have many side effects and contraindications, and their choice will depend on the causes of edema and the type of disease.
Diuretics have been used to treat hypertension and cardiovascular disease for more than 50 years. These drugs help lower blood pressure, forcing the body to get rid of excess salt and water. Cleansing is carried out by the kidneys through urine. With heart failure, diuretics are also prescribed very widely. They improve the condition of patients, reducing the load on the heart, which creates excess fluid in the body. If the patient has swelling due to problems with the heart, kidneys or liver, diuretics help to reduce them.
You can easily find out that the newest diuretics indapamide (arifon, arifon retard) and torasemide have no effect on metabolism and are transferred by patients much better than preparations of the previous generation. But they, too, can cause harm to human health. Just their negative effects are not immediately apparent, but later. After all, if you try to understand the mechanism of action of diuretic drugs, you will find that all these drugs, both new and older, do the same thing. They “stimulate” the kidneys so that they work more intensively and remove more water and salt from the body.
The fluid retention in the body is only a symptom of a serious illness and not its cause! Swelling does not occur on their own, but because of serious problems in the work of the heart or kidneys, less often for other reasons. Thus, diuretics are preparations of only symptomatic action, which in no way remove the causes of the disease. In practice, this leads to the fact that diuretics only allow for some time to delay the patient for a sad ending. It can be several weeks, months or years. It turns out that if you want to work on the cause of the disease, to really prolong life and improve health, then diuretics alone can not do.