Diverticulitis is an inflammatory bowel disease. In the wall of the intestine, sack-like protrusions resemble hernias. They are called diverticula. Sometimes they get stuck in the contents of the intestines, where bacteria multiply, causing inflammation of the diverticulum. This pathological process is called diverticulitis.
The disease is manifested by fever and pain in the lower abdomen, more often on the left side. A person suffers from constipation, then from diarrhea. In 10% of cases, inflammation of the intestinal outgrowth causes bleeding. Its manifestations are hard not to notice: blood in the feces, bloody discharge from the anus on the linen and toilet paper.
When treating diverticulitis, doctors try to avoid strong laxatives and enemas. These drugs increase the pressure in the intestines and can cause a rupture of the diverticulum. One of the most important stages in the treatment of diverticulitis is a diet. In some cases, the first 2-3 days will have to entirely give up eating. A solution of glucose and electrolytes will replace it.
From the diet, it is necessary to exclude foods that cause bloating: legumes, grapes, whole milk. Refuse to have and those products that cause constipation: rice, blueberries, pomegranate, white bread. Vegetables and fruits are not recommended, which contain very coarse dietary fibers: radish, turnip, radish, persimmon, pineapple.
The menu includes meals and nutritional supplements that contain fiber: muesli, flakes, wholemeal bread, flaxseed, psyllium seeds, sea kale, peaches, pears, avocado, berries. Drinking more than 2 liters of water is necessary.