Fertility is a concept that denotes the ability to reproduce healthy offspring. In the case of a man, fertility indicates his ability to impregnate a partner, to a woman – the ability to conceive a healthy child. In both cases, we are talking about people of reproductive age who have borders. Female fertility occurs with the establishment of regular menstruation and ends in the menopause. Male – since the production of live and active spermatozoa, which can fertilize the egg.
The fertility index is determined from the evaluation of the ejaculate according to special formulas. There is a fertility index according to Farris and the fertility index according to Kruger. The fertility forecast for women is made by counting the number of eggs in the body, evaluating the results of the ultrasound and determining the level of hormones.
Problems with female fertility can be caused by various diseases affecting the female reproductive system: pelvic inflammatory processes, infections, endometriosis, etc. Women’s fertility also declines with age.
To reduce male fertility lead to diseases of the genitourinary system (prostatitis, chlamydia, venereal diseases), overweight, complications of infections such as mumps or rubella, viral hepatitis in history, diabetes mellitus.
For vitamins, vitamins and minerals, on which spermiogram parameters depend, are also important. To improve the quality and quantity of ejaculate, men are also recommended to take vitamin complexes and dietary supplements.