Hyperlipidemia (dyslipidemia) is an excessively high level of fats (lipids and/or lipoproteins) in the blood of a person. The content of lipoproteins, especially LDL cholesterol, increases with age. Normally, it is higher in men, but in women after menopause (menopause) starts to increase.
Hyperlipidemia itself does not show any symptoms, and it is possible to diagnose the disease by conducting a biochemical blood test. When the disease develops, atherosclerotic vascular lesions begin, which has some characteristic features that depend on the location of the plaques.
Increased lipid levels lead to the development of atherosclerosis, that is, the consolidation of the walls of the arteries. Normally, the arteries are smooth from the inside, and their lumen does not overlap, but with age, plaques begin to form on the walls of the vessels. Lipids circulating in the blood forms these plaques. The more plaques in the artery, the less its clearance and the worse it functions. Some plaques can be so large that it almost completely covers the lumen of the vessel.
Treatment of hyperlipidemia depends on the level of cholesterol and triglycerides, the risk of developing myocardial infarction shortly and the overall health of the patient. The first thing that the doctor will offer is a change in the way of life (food, physical).
The goal is to reduce the level of total cholesterol and LDL. If a healthy lifestyle does not help, the doctor will prescribe special medicines. On average, almost all men over 35 years of age and postmenopausal women are prescribed tablets.