A sleep disorder manifested by a disturbance in the process of falling asleep or a superficial often interrupted sleep is called insomnia. Treatment of this condition for many people becomes an absolute necessity, since, not being able to sleep properly, they suffer from fatigue, daytime sleepiness, irritability, they have reduced efficiency and concentration of attention.
Sleeping drugs are far from harmless, many of them – benzodiazepines, barbiturates – cause physical and mental dependence, making sleep without tablets impossible. Such medications are contraindicated for people suffering from obstructive sleep apnea, which means they should not be prescribed without preliminary examination to those who snore at night. Also, some potent sleep pills worsen the respiratory function, so it is contraindicated in people with the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and other pulmonary pathologies, in which the patient develops respiratory failure.
Drugs used in the treatment of insomnia should be selected only by a qualified doctor, taking into account the patient’s contraindications. Medicines must be taken in strict accordance with medical prescriptions, without increasing dosage alone.
If insomnia appears as a symptom of a disease, treatment of the underlying pathology is prescribed, during which the doctor can prescribe sleeping pills. First, a minimum dose is prescribed, since sleeping pills are rather quickly addictive. The higher the dosage of the drug, the higher the risk of undesirable side effects.