Lyme disease – an infectious disease characterized by a wide spectrum of characteristics, the most famous of which is annular erythema migrans. The main cause of Lyme disease is the ingestion of Borrelia bacteria into the body. This type of bacteria is transferred mainly ticks, where they multiply and are excreted in the faeces, but this type of infection and may be present in some types of lice – human, pubic.
The mechanism of human infection with borreliosis occurs through the bite of a tick. By the bite, or crushing the tick hands when its content, often in conjunction with Borrelia, gets under the skin, in this place develop an allergic inflammatory reaction characterized by erythema, gradually migrating to the neighboring areas of the body, and later, a person showing signs of intoxication organism.
In the treatment of Lyme disease, pathogenetic therapy is also important, which depends on the clinical manifestations of the disease and the severity of the treatment. For example, with high fever and severe intoxication of the body, the patient is prescribed detoxification preparations. If meningitis accompanies Lyme disease, dehydration medications are prescribed. Physiotherapeutic treatment is advisable in the defeat of cranial and/or peripheral nerves, neuritis, arthritis and arthralgia. If cardiac activity is disturbed, preparations of panangin or asparks are prescribed. In the presence of autoimmune disorders, dicagil is administered in combination with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.