Neuroleptics are a large group of drugs used in the treatment of mental disorders. The greatest value of these drugs is the ability to fight with psychosis, hence the second name – antipsychotics. Prior to the appearance of neuroleptics in psychiatry, poisonous and narcotic plants, lithium, bromine, and coma therapy were widely used.
Neuroleptics are calming, reducing external mental effects, relieve tension, reduce feelings of aggression and fear. Antipsychotics alleviate the symptoms of people with mental disorders, in the treatment of schizophrenia, help get rid of obsessive thoughts, calm down. Most antipsychotics are divided into two groups: tranquilisers-prolongations and antidepressants, a group of neuroleptics with a prescription. By classification are divided into typical and atypical drugs.
Separate neuroleptics by chemical composition, by clinical properties, by the predominance of a certain type of action. But all these classifications are very conditional because the effect of the drug depends on many conditions, including the individual characteristics of each person.