Neuropathy is a disease or a disorder of the nerves. Any nerve fibers in all parts of the body can be damaged due to trauma or illness. Neuropathy is classified according to the type and location of the nerve damage that has arisen. Also, this disease can be divided into subgroups based on the type of disease that has become a cause of nerve function.
The causes of neuropathy can be very different. Conditionally they can be divided into two categories – endogenous and exogenous. The endogenous causes are those that originated in the body itself and caused damage to one or more nerves. These can be various endocrine, demyelinating, autoimmune diseases. Exogenous causes are those that acted from outside the body. These include various infections, injuries, and intoxication.
The course of treatment of neuropathy consists of measures to control the symptoms of the disease and fight the cause of the disease. Specialized treatment of diabetes, autoimmune diseases, infection, kidney disease, vitamin deficiency, other types of therapy are aimed at eliminating a specific cause of neuropathy. In many cases, combating the root cause helps to reduce or completely get rid of the symptoms of the disease.