Thrush, it’s oral pseudomembranous candidiasis – a fungal infection of the oral cavity, common among people wearing dentures, children and patients with a weakened immune system. Being the most common fungal infection affecting a person, thrush is a curdled, slightly convex and removable plaque on the tongue or inside the cheek.
Thrush in the mouth appears most often due to the excessive growth of Candida albicans – yeasts, which are usually present in the mouth in a small amount since the beneficial bacteria of the human body keep it at an acceptable level. Less often thrush can also be caused by excessive multiplication or infection with yeast Candida glabrata or Candida tropicalis, which are also present in the oral cavity.
Dry mouth syndrome, high blood pressure, high levels of sugar in the saliva (diabetes) and prolonged use of certain antibiotics or corticosteroids (for example, inhalers from asthma) can reduce the natural content of beneficial bacteria that would otherwise prevent yeast infection. Thus, the yeast of the genus Candida multiplies and provokes thrush.
Starting treatment of thrush, first of all, deal with the conditions that led to the development of fungal infection. For example, if you develop thrush as a result of using a certain antibiotic, you should immediately talk with your doctor about the appointment of another medicine.
Treatment of thrush in the mouth depends on the severity of the disease. Easy cases can be cured without medication. The use of acid-containing liquids, such as orange juice, as well as yogurt, can restore the natural balance of bacteria that inhibit the reproduction of yeast of the genus Candida.
A dentist will make up for you a treatment plan based on your specific conditions and the nature of infection with thrush. Medications used in the treatment of thrush include antifungal mouth rinses, medicinal lozenges, creams and tablets for ingestion. In some cases, for the treatment of acute infections of the oral cavity, combinations of tablets and medicinal candies are used. To treat acute forms of oral thrush cavity, up to 14 days of treatment with antifungal medicines may be required.
In some cases, generics are offered (generic drugs) – this helps reduce the cost of treatment prescribed by the dentist. Some of these medicines are dispensed without a prescription.