Pancreatitis is a pancreatic inflammatory disease. Depending on the clinical picture, acute and chronic pancreatitis is isolated. These two forms of pancreatitis differ both in the mechanism of origin, etiology of pancreatitis and in the choice of basic therapy and prognosis of recovery.
In acute pancreatitis, activating directly in the pancreas, digestive juice enzymes affect its cells. Thus, the action of the enzyme lipase, which breaks down fats, leads to fatty tissue dystrophy. Trypsin, which promotes the digestion of proteins, provokes various chemical reactions, causing edema of pancreatic tissue and necrosis (death) of cells.
In the treatment of pancreatitis is necessary to eliminate the use of alcohol, a medication that can have damaging effects on the pancreas (antibiotics, antidepressants, sulfonamides, diuretics – hydrochlorothiazide and furosemide, oral anticoagulants, indomethacin, Brufen, acetaminophen, glucocorticoids, estrogens, and many others). It is extremely important to treat diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and timely prevention of infectious diseases that cause damage to the pancreas (viral hepatitis B and C, mumps).