Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), also known as Stein-Leventhal syndrome or ovarian sclerocystosis, is an endocrine (hormonal) disease in which the ovaries are enlarged and contain many small vesicles filled with fluid. PCOS is a fairly common disease. Polycysticosis occurs when the ovaries in excess produce male hormones (androgens), which normally form in very small amounts.
Symptoms can occur at any age. They can develop during the puberty period, and then the menstrual period may be delayed or not at all. Girls can be overweight and have hair growth in a male type, for example, on the chest and the face. They may also have a menstrual cycle, and menstrual bleeding may be severe.
You may be prescribed progestogen (a synthetic analog of the female sex hormone progesterone) or contraceptives to induce regular menstrual cycles.
Some contraceptives with a low concentration of active ingredients, usually commercially available, contain estrogen and a small amount of anti-androgen (a substance that blocks the effects of male sex hormones) cyproterone acetate. This helps to control excess hair growth and the appearance of acne effectively. Cyproterone acetate is available by itself, and your doctor can advise you this or another anti-androgen, spironolactone, which acts similarly. With excess hair growth, you can fight at the same time with the help of medications and epilating procedures. Your doctor will choose the best method for you.