Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) – arises as a delayed or protracted reaction to a stressful event or an extremely threatening or catastrophic situation that can cause distress to almost any person (catastrophe, war, torture, terrorism).
Post-traumatic stress disorder usually occurs after a latent period, which can vary from a few weeks (on average around four) to months (usually no more than six). A stage of acute stress reaction may precede development of PTSD.
At the initial stage of PTSD formation, anxious-phobic states with tearfulness, nightmarish dreams, attacks of derealization and depersonalization appear. Patients experience an influx of unpleasant memories associated with psychotrauma, often of an obsessive nature, usually without any external causes. In the mind of the patient, these memories are very vivid and cause him the same sensations as the real tragedy. Very strong experience is caused by various reminders of the past, for example, in films, television programs, stories of others.
It is necessary to carry out combined treatment with antidepressants, tranquilizers, hypnotics, thymostabilizers, beta-blockers, antipsychotic drugs, with antidepressants in the forefront.
The appointment of tranquilizers is symptomatic. They are used to rapidly reduce the severity of asthenoneurotic, asthenodepressive, anxious-phobic manifestations. Because long-term use of most tranquilizers can cause addiction, their use should last no more than three weeks.