Restless legs syndrome is a pathological condition of the nervous system, in which a person develops unpleasant sensations mainly in the lower extremities with an irresistible desire to constantly move them. These symptoms prevent a sick person from sleeping and sometimes cause depression. More than half of all cases of restless legs syndrome, the immediate cause of the disease can not be identified, that is, it arises independently and spontaneously. Other cases are provoked by other diseases and conditions of the body (most often as a result of chronic kidney failure, pregnancy and iron deficiency in the body).
The peculiarity of medical treatment of restless legs syndrome is that it may take long (for years) taking medications. Therefore, it is necessary to try to achieve the effect of treatment at a minimum dosage. Gradually, the development of some addiction to the drug, which requires an increase in dose. Sometimes you have to change one drug to another. In any case, one should strive for monotherapy, that is, for the removal of symptoms with a single drug. The combination should be resorted to in the latter case.
There are cases when the patient needs to take medicines only during a significant increase in symptoms, and the rest – only by non-drug methods.
If restless legs syndrome leads to the development of depression, then, in this case, it is treated with selective monoamine oxidase inhibitors. The remaining antidepressants may contribute to the worsening of restless legs syndrome.