Shingles, also known as Herpes Zoster, is an acute infectious disease that affects the nervous system and skin. People who had been ill with chicken pox (chickenpox) after which the virus particles remain in the “sleeping” state are prone to the disease. The cause of virus activation is the weakened immune system as a result of chronic diseases, HIV, chemotherapy.
The virus causes inflammation of the nervous system and skin associated with it. At the same time, red spots appear on the skin, eventually turning into blisters. A few days before the defeat of the skin, severe pain begins in the place of injury (burning, itching, numbness, tingling). There is a pain in the site of nerve damage, usually at night increases. The strength of pain depends on the degree of nerve damage.
To avoid the appearance of neuralgic complications, treatment should be started as early as possible, preferably in the first two days. Currently, several antiviral drugs successfully block the multiplication of the virus in the human body.
Based on the clinical picture, the doctor prescribes one antiviral agent. The drug can be either in the form of tablets or the form of intravenous injections. Modern drugs not only destroy the virus at the cellular level but reduce pain and promote faster healing of the skin. To prevent secondary infection, use external means in the form of ointments, creams, solutions.