Tuberculosis is an infectious disease, caused, as a rule, by Koch’s wand. Infection with tuberculosis occurs when in contact with a sick person, tuberculosis bacteria get into the air after a patient’s cough, or when sneezing, through kisses, you can also get infected from a sick animal. Its symptoms are not visible immediately so that tuberculosis can be started up to a severe stage.
The most common method of diagnosing tuberculosis is X-rays, in which the picture immediately shows a darkening in the lungs. Another of the simplest and most well-known tests for tuberculosis is the Mantoux reaction. Already three days after the introduction of the sample, you can say whether there is an infection of tuberculosis in the body or not. The disadvantage is the low accuracy of this method. Because Mycobacterium tuberculosis can easily be confused with another infection, such a method as examination under a microscope of smears also does not give exact results. The most modern diagnostic method is a polymerase chain reaction. It is DNA-diagnostics, in which the phlegm of a sick person is taken for analysis. The method is highly accurate.
Tuberculosis is a chronic infectious disease that is caused by mycobacteria of tuberculosis. The risk group includes mainly middle-aged and elderly people. The most common pulmonary tuberculosis, but in addition to it there is tuberculosis of the urogenital system, bones, joints. Tuberculosis is treated, and there are currently a lot of drugs. Let’s try to figure out how they differ.
Proceeding from the classification proposed by the International Union Against Tuberculosis, drugs against tuberculosis are divided into three categories. The first group includes high-performance drugs, for example, isoniazid and rifampicin. The second group includes medications of average efficiency: streptomycin sulfate; florimycin sulfate; cycloserine and others. Representatives of the third group of drugs – moderate-effect drugs – are thioacetazone and PASC.